Posts Tagged ‘re-purchase’

HARP Mortgage Refinancing Up 20% in September

December 6, 2011

Jon Prior via Housing Wire

Lenders and servicers refinanced nearly 35,000 Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac mortgages through the Home Affordable Refinance Program in September, a 20% monthly increase just before major guideline changes were announced.

The Federal Housing Finance Agency launched HARP in March 2009 to allow borrowers with mortgages that have loan-to-value ratios between 80% and 125% to refinance their loans if they are held by the government-sponsored enterprises.

Participating lenders and servicers have refinanced 928,600 GSE loans through HARP as of the end of the third quarter, the FHFA said Tuesday. It is an 11% increase from the previous quarter. Nearly 11 million borrowers owe more on their mortgage than their home is worth, trapping them out of refinancing at interest rates hovering around 4%.

"Monthly HARP volume grew in the third quarter as interest rates decreased to new historic lows," the FHFA said.

In October, the FHFA eliminated the LTV cap, upfront fees charged to borrowers and representation and warranty risk in order to provide more assistance to underwater borrowers.

Fannie and Freddie released specific guidelines in November.

Before the changes, borrowers who owed more on their mortgage than their home was worth made up a sliver of HARP totals. In September, 83% of HARP re-financings — nearly 29,000 loans — went to borrowers between 80% and 105% LTV, compared to 5,700 between 105% and 125% LTV, according to FHFA data.

The majority of Fannie and Freddie ‘refis’ go through other programs outside of HARP. In all, lenders refinanced 263,780 GSE loans.

Servicers completed more than 140,000 foreclosure prevention actions for the GSEs, including 83,500 mortgage modifications, in the third quarter. Short sales and deeds-in-lieu of foreclosure added another 30,800 for a total of more than 171,000 foreclosures prevented during the period.

Lenders started foreclosures on more than 224,000 properties, down nearly 11% from the previous quarter, according to the FHFA.


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Buying Distressed Properties

October 13, 2011

By Matt Sailor, How Stuff Works

After huge upheavals in the housing market throughout the 2000s, the market showed signs of leveling off by late 2010 and early 2011. Still, despite hopeful economic indicators, as of 2011 a full third of all houses on the market were distressed properties — those whose owners have defaulted or are about to default on their mortgages . Largely because of desperation on the part of the owners of these properties, and their lenders, distressed homes can be much cheaper than comparable homes for sale. There are a few basic types of distressed properties.

In a short sale, a property is headed for foreclosure, and the owner of the home tries to sell the house for lower than what is owed on the mortgage. The lender takes a hit on the price to avoid foreclosure and cut its losses. When prices in the area have plummeted so far that it would be nearly impossible to sell the house for the value of the mortgage, short sales give lenders and homeowners a way out of the loan agreement.

At a foreclosure auction, banks and other lenders auction off properties that have been repossessed from owners who defaulted on their mortgage loans. Auctions are held at public facilities like courthouses and are best left to investors with large amounts of cash to spend. Individual buyers should usually steer clear, since all bids have to be backed up with a check in-hand for the entire sale price . Even more frightening is the fact that houses at auction are usually purchased site unseen.

An REO (real estate owned) foreclosure is what people are usually talking about when they describe a property as a "foreclosure." This is a bank- or lender-owned home that you purchase directly from the lender in a process similar to typical home sales.

All distressed properties have the same basic advantages and disadvantages. On the plus side, a distressed home will typically be priced significantly lower than it would be sold for if it weren’t distressed . But these houses won’t necessarily be dirt cheap. Widespread foreclosures drive down prices of non-distressed homes, so you might not need to seek out distressed homes to get a bargain . On the down side, distressed homes take more time and effort at virtually every stage of the process, require a large amount of paperwork and frequently need major repairs . Read on to learn when you should go for it, and when you shouldn’t, when it comes to distressed property purchases.

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